Study examines risk factors for systemic lupus erythematosus development.

Among patients with lupus erythematosus panniculitis resulting from cutaneous lupus erythematosus, male sex anddiscoid lupus erythematosus were risk factors for systemic lupus erythematosus development, according to a study.

“Lupus erythematosus panniculitis (LEP) occurs in 1% to 3% of patients with cutaneous lupus erythematosus (CLE),” Juliette Lemasson, MD, of the dermatology service at Hôpital Saint-Louis in Paris, and colleagues wrote. “LEP is characterized by recurrent nodules or plaques that can evolve to lipoatrophy and impair quality of life.”